## Grade 8 Mathematics Topics and Sub-topics

**NUMBER SENSE**

1. Demonstrate an understanding of perfect squares and square roots, concretely, pictorially and symbolically (limited to whole numbers).

2. Determine the approximate square root of numbers that are not perfect squares (limited to whole numbers).

3. Demonstrate an understanding of percents greater than or equal to 0%, including greater than 100%.

4. Demonstrate an understanding of ratio and rate.

5. Solve problems that involve rates, ratios and proportional reasoning.

6. Demonstrate an understanding of multiplying and dividing positive fractions and mixed numbers, concretely, pictorially and symbolically.

7. Demonstrate an understanding of multiplication and division of integers, concretely, pictorially and symbolically.

**PATTERNS AND RELATIONS**

Patterns • Use patterns to describe the world and to solve problems.

Variables and Equations • Represent algebraic expressions in multiple ways.

**SHAPE AND SPACE**

Measurement • Use direct and indirect measurement to solve problems.

3-D Objects and 2-D Shapes

• Describe the characteristics of 3-D objects and 2-D shapes, and analyze the relationships among them.

Transformations

• Describe and analyze position and motion of objects and shapes.

**STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY**

Data Analysis • Collect, display and analyze data to solve problems.

Chance and Uncertainty • Use experimental or theoretical probabilities to represent and solve problems involving uncertainty.

Number Sense

• Patterns

• Patterns

• Patterns

• Patterns

**Patterns and Relations**

• Patterns

• Variables and Equations

• Patterns

• Patterns

• Patterns

**Shape and Space**

• Measurement

• 3-D Objects and 2-D Shapes

• Transformations

• Patterns

• Patterns

**Statistics and Probability**

• Data Analysis

• Chance and Uncertainty

• Patterns

• Patterns

• Patterns